North Dakota is both
a Midwestern and Western state in the United States. It is the northernmost
of the Great Plains states and is the northern half of The Dakotas.
During the 19th century, North Dakota was considered part of the
Wild West. Formerly part of Dakota Territory (named after the Dakota
tribe of Native Americans), North Dakota became the 39th state in
The Missouri River flows
through the western part of the state and forms Lake Sakakawea behind
the Garrison Dam. The western half of the state is hilly and is
home to natural resources including lignite coal and crude oil.
In the east, the Red River forms the Red River Valley, which holds
rich farmland. Agriculture has long dominated the economy and culture
of North Dakota.
The state capital is
Bismarck and the largest city in the state is Fargo. Large public
universities are located at Grand Forks and Fargo. The United States
Air Force operates bases at both Minot and Grand Forks.